Technology and Coping with Disaster
Natural disasters come in many shapes. From the incomprehensible carnage of last weekends tsunami in the Indian Ocean, to hurricanes and typhoons, to tornadoes and drought, our world deals with the horror of disaster as a normal part of our lives. Throw in a bit of human influence through wars, terrorism, or the threat of weapons of mass destruction, and our absolutely need to deal with and overcome calamity almost becomes routine.
Watching CNN and the news channels gives a near real-instant view of disasters. While some can find this a bit macabre, it also shows our ability to quickly respond to major events, on a global scale. The same technologies that allow us to view the aftermath of a tsunami also allow us to quickly gather factual data on the extent of a disaster, and make use of
that for disaster planning and response.
Organizations such as the Pacific Disaster Center (http://www.pdc.org/), the Asia Pacific Area Network (http://www.apan-info.net/), try to assist regional nations to generate better disaster planning models and response model through training and timely dissemination of critical knowledge. Regional military organizations participate with each other on joint disaster planning (for other than wartime-related disaster) to organize their resources in response to a regional disaster, and might
respond within hours to major problems.
While carnage on the scale of the Indian Ocean tsunami cannot be controlled within a day or a few days, the communications and real measure
understanding collection on the disaster will most certainly reduce the level of misery experienced by victims at a level that would not have been possible even 40 years ago. As aircraft and on-page
persons (using satellite phones or other powerful mobile communicators) collect data
on areas of Sumatra, Thailand, and other affected areas, the information is almost immediately being logged, evaluated, distributed, and prioritized among a number of emergency response centers operated by regional governments - as well as international relief agencies.
From the regional and international response centers coordination further occurs among members of organizations such as the Multinational Planning Augmentation Team (http://www2.apan-info.net/mpat/ ). MPAT holds frequent disaster response exercises among member nations to ensure coordination lines and pre-planned responses are quickly executed. All MPAT member nations have access to central databases of planning experience, available resources, and a command center mobilized when a regional disaster occurs.
Telecommunications and data
technology are key components in our ability to respond to disaster. As real measure
information is collected, it is available immediately to all participants in the relief effort. Other technology in particular military technology, might
easily serve a duel make use of
purpose in a disaster. The same troop transports constructed to carry soldiers to war may carry refugees from a disaster. The identical
photo reconnaissance aircraft used to spy on enemies may provide a clear view of the extent of damage. The same technology used to collect electronic intelligence may locate attempts to utilize mobile phones, radios, and even audio signals of people stranded in remote areas. Infrared scanning used to identify enemy soldiers in a bunker or building might
just as easily locate a family stranded in a jungle.
If you compare the current response to the Indian Ocean tsunami to the effects of tsunami damage following eruption of the Krakatoa volcano in 1883 (http://www.drgeorgepc.com/Vocano1883Krakatoa.html ), you can see the extent of damage from that disaster was not even known for several decades.
In most cases disaster cannot be predicted. We are creating progress predicting earthquakes, hurricanes, and eruptions however science is no closer to workable disaster prediction than we are in fully understanding the human genome. Through effective utilize of communications, understanding technology, and duel make use of
military/civilian technology transfer, we are taking much closer to reducing the level of pain following an event.
2005 will be a big year in further exploiting the potential of Internet and communications-related technology. Given the positive moves toward regional cooperation in activities such as MPAT, we should be encouraged our governments understand the absolutely need and role of technology in planning was well as responding to regional disaster.